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FAQs > Everything you always wanted to know about Liberating Structures! > What are the origins of Liberating Structures?

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Building on a few methods introduced in EdgeWare in 1998, LS draw from emerging insights from complexity science, organizational development, improvisational arts, and user experience. Keith McCandless and Henri Lipmanowicz have partnered with clients to develop and refine a broad array of LS starting in 2003.

Many LS users have suggested that the Aristotle Project conducted at Google helps explain the science behind LS.  Read about Project Aristotle here.

The term Liberating Structures was first introduced by William Torbert a professor at Boston College. More background here.

Liberating Structures: Simple, Subtle, Powerful from Liberating Structures on Vimeo.


Last updated on September 22, 2016 by Keith McCandless